Quick Maintenance: Bleeding Motorcycle Brakes

Some motorcycle maintenance jobs are so quick, yet so beneficial to the performance of the bike that you should just do them yourself to save time and money. 

Bleeding motorcycle brake fluid

Bleeding a motorcycle’s brakes is one of those easy maintenance jobs you really shouldn’t put off. It takes very little time to get it done, and you’ll be doing your bike’s brakes and yourself a huge favor.

Why Bleed Motorcycle Brakes

Bleeding your motorcycle’s brakes ensures there are no contaminants in the brake fluid, allowing the pressure within the braking system to be at its peak when you apply the brakes.

Motorcycle brake bleed

Air, dirt or water mixed in with the brake fluid reduce the effectiveness of the brakes and damage various parts within the system. By bleeding the brakes, you remove those contaminants, plus get an insight into the overall health of the braking system and whether certain parts need replacing.

What to Look For When Bleeding Motorcycle Brakes

You should bleed your bike’s brakes at least once a year at a minimum.

Motorcycle maintenance brake bleed

Here’s what to check for when you bleed the brakes on your motorcycle:

Air Intrusion

Hydraulic brake systems operate by pressure, and even the smallest amount of air reduces the system’s ability to generate pressure and perform at its peak. Check for little bubbles in the brake fluid while you bleed it.

Water Intrusion

Brake fluid is hygroscopic, meaning it attracts water molecules. Water in the brake fluid corrodes metal parts and damages plastic/rubber seals. It’s difficult to detect water in brake fluid, but a deep yellow discoloration indicates the fluid is old and probably has water in it.

Dirt Intrusion

Tiny dirt particles suspended in the brake fluid act as abrasives within master cylinders and brake calipers, where they damage plastic/rubber seals. Dirt in brake fluid can be detected by a dark discoloration and damaged seals. 

Finding air or dirt in the old brake fluid is a good indication that the master cylinder seals or brake piston seals are leaking and need to be replaced.

  • Brake fluid is very harmful to a motorcycle’s paintwork and plastics, so have plenty of rags or shop towels on hand and immediately wipe off any spills.
  • Make sure your work area is spotless so no dirt can get onto the new seals or into the fresh brake fluid. Cleanliness is paramount when replacing master cylinder or brake piston seals, or when bleeding and refilling the brake fluid.

After bleeding the brakes, if you find the rear brake master cylinder or the front master cylinder needs to be repaired or rebuilt, here are a couple of videos to help you get the job done:

 

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