How to Do a Polaris ATV Engine Compression Test
Low compression is a warning sign that other issues may be happening with your ATV's engine.
A lack of performance in an ATV can be caused by a number of issues, and a compression test can be an important step in diagnosing problems in your engine. Here's how to do a compression test on a Polaris Sportsman 850 XP.
PRO TIP: Check out our Polaris Sportsman XP 850 cylinder head parts diagram for additional reference.
NOTE: When using an engine compression tester, you'll need to prep your ATV and remove a few parts to get it started.
Preparing for a Compression Test on Your ATV
Step 1. Run the engine for a few minutes to get it warm.
Step 2. Remove the seat by pulling straight up on the back of the seat so it'll pop loose.
Step 3. Use a T27 from a Torx bit socket set to remove the Torx bolts holding the right-hand side panel in place over the engine.
Step 4. Locate the three plastic Tuflok rivets near the bottom of the panel and remove them with a pair of pliers.
Step 5. Remove the outer cover on the top of the shifter head with a flat-blade screwdriver. Next, loosen and remove the Torx bolt inside to take off the head of the shifter.
NOTE: You'll need to take off the head from the shifter to completely remove the panel.
Step 6. Lift the plastic panel up and over the shifter, exposing the plug wires and spark plugs on both the front and rear cylinder. Remove the plug wires.
Step 7. Use a thin-walled 14mm socket to loosen the spark plugs on both cylinders, then use a magnet to lift them out.
Performing a Compression Test on Your ATV
Step 1. Hand tighten your compression tester adapter in place on the front cylinder, then connect the engine compression tester.
Step 2. To use the compression tester on your ATV, turn the engine over six or seven times with the throttle held open.
PRO TIP: On the Polaris Sportsman, you have to be holding the brake as well, so you might want to get someone to give you a hand on the other side.
Step 3. Read the gauge to check the compression.
NOTE: The ideal measurements for the test are that each cylinder should be within 10 percent of each other when measuring compression. The overall compression should be between 210 and 250 psi per cylinder.
Step 4. Remove the compression tester and adapter from the front spark plug opening, and screw the adapter in the rear spark plug opening. Connect the compression tester.
Step 5. Turn the engine over six or seven times with the throttle open with someone holding the brake to get the reading for the rear cylinder.